Opioids are a type of drug that interacts with specific receptors on the body and brain’s nerve cells, consequently reducing feelings of pain. This class of drugs can include prescription pain relievers, synthetic drugs like fentanyl, and heroin. Despite its addiction risks, physicians widely prescribe opiates to treat acute pain, chronic pain, and palliative care.
As useful as these medications are to reduce pain, it is essential to remember that opioid use disorder is a condition with potentially severe consequences, including addiction, withdrawal, and overdose.
Difference Between Understanding Opioid Risks and Shaming
Even though opioids have significant benefits for those in need of pain management, they also have significant risks. There are opioid risk tools (ORT) available to assess a specific situation.
Some of the most common side effects include drowsiness, mental confusion, euphoria, nausea, and constipation. But that’s not all. Opioid drugs at high doses can lead to depressed respiration, overdose, and even death. Popular pain relievers include oxycodone (OxyContin®), hydrocodone (Vicodin®), codeine, morphine, fentanyl, and tramadol.
In the last decade, there has been an ungodly increase in the total number of deaths involving fentanyl and other synthetic opioids. Emergency department visits for suspected opioid overdoses continue to rise. Oct. 27, 2017, President Trump declared the opioid crisis a nationwide public health emergency. Since then, several measures have been put in place to reduce the risks of addiction and overdose.
Unassisted Withdrawal is Painful and Dangerous
Opioid use can lead to physical dependence within a short time, sometimes in as little as a month. When the dependent person decides to reduce or stop the use, withdrawal symptoms occur.
Typical opioid withdrawal symptoms include:
- generalized pain
- dilated pupils
- insomnia and intense cravings
Because of the severity of these symptoms, a large number of people continue using the drug. The possibility of developing dependence, tolerance, and addiction, involves genetic and environmental factors, such as ease of access to the drug, contributes to the risk and intensity of the opioid use disorder.
Shame Feeds Addiction. Addiction Takes Lives.
According to the American Medical Association (AMA), about 45 % of people who use heroin started abusing prescription opioids. When tolerance to the pain medication increases, the ability to function without the drug decreases, ultimately leading to a downward spiral. The uncontrollable need to feed the cravings and prevent withdrawals leads some people to cross lines they never thought possible.
Removing the Shackles of Shame
Shame fuels addiction and the addiction treatment community needs to change how they view and treat people. It is time to reverse society’s teaching of guilt and shame. We need to change the archaic idea of further breaking people down in order to rebuild them. When people are hurting, they need support, compassion, and care. Making them carry the burden of guilt and shame only makes them further crave ways to self-medicate.
It’s okay to speak about our feelings – our weaknesses and strengths openly. Furthermore, it is okay to speak about addiction, and it is also important to remember that sharing one’s story also helps others by reducing stigma. We need to help people develop a sense of hope, a will to fight. More importantly, it is crucial to help people believe they are worthy of life, of happiness, regardless of where their addiction has taken them.
The Negative Power of Shame
Shame is such a complicated feeling; it is a negative view of one’s self. Also, shame is a painful feeling associated with humiliation, making you want to hide or disappear. Being in a state of intense and prolonged shame is unproductive and harmful. It can lead to anxiety, depression, and hopelessness, and it should not be an integral part of any addiction treatment.
We need to realize that those suffering from opiate addiction desperately want help. Individuals want to reach out, and more importantly, they want to be seen and heard. The issue is, they are so scared of judgment. Additionally, many people feel defeated by prior unsuccessful attempts to overcome a withdrawal, complete treatment, or sustain a sober life.
The Real Purpose of an Addiction Treatment
The purpose of a successful addiction treatment should be giving patients the best possible quality of life and solid ground to stand on. Treatment providers should focus on “the person” and not the condition. It is up to the health care provider to help the patient feel understood and heard.
When who you are, or your own life experiences are consistently overlooked or denied, your place in this world becomes uncertain.
Opioid dependence is a medical condition requiring effective medical treatment, emotional support, and lifestyle changes. There are no overnight or one answer solutions that can reverse years of addiction. On the same note, addiction treatment does not have to include a lifetime of shame and struggle.
Opioid Use Disorder Is a Reversible and Treatable Condition
Society needs to be open to scientific discoveries and treatment options that provide real results. Ongoing programs that leave patients in a continuous revolving door of addiction treatments have proven to be profitable to providers and frustrating to patients. We, as a society, can do more, and we can definitely do better.
People’s life experiences have shaped them into who they are; it has also given them the lens through which they view the world and themselves. We, addiction treatment professionals, have been given the opportunity to positively impact other people’s lives — an ability that gives us reward and purpose. Although we are continually benefiting from brief rewarding moments of someone else success, we need to work harder to provide long-term solutions for those we treat.
We need to create hope, so those struggling with addiction can replace shame with self-love. Additionally, we need to provide them with the tools to find power and gratitude towards the happy and healthy life they deserve.